Torrential monsoon rains in September 2011 affected more than 5.3 million people. Many communities were still recovering from the devastating impacts of the nationwide floods in mid-2010 - the worst in Pakistan’s history - when they were hit again.
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World Vision Australia is no longer calling for public donations for the Pakistan Floods emergency response. To help World Vision Australia prepare for future emergency responses around the globe, donations may be made to the Emergency & Preparedness Fund.
World Vision's ongoing response to 2010 floods
At least 900,000 people have been assisted in northern and southern Pakistan. World Vision has provided food and emergency items such as tents, cooking sets, gas cylinders, bedding, hygiene kits, mosquito nets and water purification tablets to people in the Khyber Paktunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces.
World Vision has also established Child Friendly Spaces (CFS) and Women and Infant Friendly Spaces (WAIFS), provided medical treatment, conducted hygiene and health promotion sessions, and installed water tanks in communal areas of villages.
More than 198,000 people including pregnant and lactating women have health consultations and care through basic health units and nutritional services in the Khyber Paktunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces. A diarrhoeal treatment centre has been set up in Sindh province.
Fifteen Outpatient Therapeutic Programs have been established to treat malnourished children, who have been identified by World Vision health teams and registered in the OTP. Five Supplementary Feeding Programs have been established in the 3 provinces.
Seven Women and Infant Friendly Spaces (WAIFS) established in KPK, Punjab and Sindh provinces. World Vision was the first organisation in the flood response to set up a Women and Infant Friendly Space of such scope. In these spaces, women have a private, comfortable area in which to interact with other women, receive sessions on health, hygiene, and nutrition for themselves and their infants, learn skills such as sewing and embroidery, and having a private space in which to breastfeed their child.
Water & Sanitation and Hygiene
Clean drinking water is being provided in IDP camps to approximately 15,000 households per day. Hand pumps and water tanks have been installed and water purification tablets distributed. Toilets and bathing facilities have been constructed. Hygiene committees have been established, with more than 300 hygiene promotion sessions conducted.
Food distributions have occurred in Khyber Paktunkhwa and Punjab provinces since the start of the emergency response. Food distributions have also been ongoing in Sindh province since September 2010. More than 9,400 metric tonnes of food has been distributed to 96,297 families (652,639 people) across the three provinces.
Twenty-four Child-Friendly Spaces (across two provinces) have been established providing a safe, fun and structured place for children to attend. More than 16,000 children attend regular sessions at the CFSs. Thirteen CFS committees have been established across the three provinces.
Non-Food Item kits (such as kitchen sets, hygiene kits, sleeping mats, mosquito nets, tents/shelter kits) distributed to 28,851 households (approximately 247,000 people).
Early Recovery & Livelihoods
More than 41,000 people benefited from early recovery programming, including the rehabilitation of 1,187.5 acres of agricultural land. Assessments, seed, tool and fertiliser supplies; husbandry and agriculture training; and provision of tractors and upkeep costs have assisted farmers to get back on their feet.
Emergency Response Phase
During the first three months of the emergency response, World Vision planned to help 300,000 people (40,000 households) in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces. Since August 2010, World Vision has assisted at least 900,000 people.
World Vision continues to work closely and in partnership with the United Nations and other non-governmental organisations though the Pakistan Humanitarian Forum to ensure that effective, efficient, and necessary help is given to the children, women, and men affected by the floods.
Flash flooding, caused by unseasonal monsoon rains at the end of July 2010, occurred in northern Pakistan, flowing to the southern provinces of Sindh and Punjab before reaching the Arabian Sea.
Some 1,961 people were killed, 2,366 injured and 20.5 million affected by floods affecting the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces.
The European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection unit (ECHO) estimated that 12.4 million people are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance.
The UN warned of a looming health crisis, with 709,000 cases of acute diarrhoea, almost one million cases of skin disease, more than 800,000 cases of acute respiratory infections and hundreds of thousands of cases of malaria and dengue fever.
More than 7 million people were displaced in southern Sindh province. An estimated 4 million people were displaced in Sukkur, the third largest city in Sindh province.
Schools, being used as temporary shelters, were housing more than 1.1 million people.
Conditions were appalling and unhygienic, with children suffering with eye and skin infections and diarrhoea. Outbreaks of cholera were reported in the Swat Valley.
Approximately 1.9 million houses were damaged or destroyed, 1.4 million acres (557,000 hectares) of crop land was flooded and more than 10,000 cows perished, according to the National Disaster Management Authority.
Communities’ long-term food security is at risk, due to crops destroyed this year and livestock deaths. With irrigation canals and systems destroyed or damaged, next year’s crop is at risk too.
Climate Change and Pakistan
While the floods in Pakistan cannot be attributed entirely to climate change, the intensity of this disaster is consistent with predictions that global warming will increase the severity and frequency of extreme weather events.
The devastating floods in Pakistan highlight the stark reality of the world’s changing climatic patterns and the impact this will have on vulnerable populations.
The international community must not only help Pakistan’s flood victims for now, but it must also look to the future and start taking action to prevent more disasters like this, especially for poor people in countries like Pakistan who will be severely impacted by our changing climate.
World Vision Pakistan is collaborating with the humanitarian country team (HCT), Pakistan Humanitarian Forum (PHF), National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), sector specific clusters (Health, Water & Sanitation, Food, Shelter & Non-food items) and donors.
No Australian sponsored children in Pakistan.
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